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* ALL SAINTSALL SAINTS

Solemnity (White)

* Glenstal Martyrology: Today's solemnity came into being in the fourth century. It was first celebrated in the church of Syria, where it was called the feast of "All Martyrs." In Antioch the celebration took place on the Sunday following Pentecost, as a way of emphasizing the indissoluble connection between the outpouring of the Spirit from on high and the witness Christians bear unto martyrdom. Over the centuries the Byzantine churches preserved the Antiochene date of the feast, while Latin Christians took advantage of this celebration to christianize pagan temples and festivals dedicated to "all the gods." In seventh-century Rome, the feast was assigned to May 13, the date on which the Roman Pantheon had become the church of Saint Mary of the Martyrs. The current date of November 1 is probably of Celtic origin, and was imposed on the entire West in 835 by Pope Gregory IV. Falling as it now does in the autumn season, at the end of the harvest, the solemnity of All Saints invites us to contemplate the harvest of all the living sacrifices that have been offered to God, the gathering into his presence of all the ripe fruits that are the work of his love among us.

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* All SoulsAll Souls

(violet)

* Glenstal MartyrologyThis is the commemoration of all those who have died in Christ, which falls, significantly, on the day after the feast of the Communion of All the Saints of heaven and earth. In the Church's Eucharistic celebration, Eastern and Western Christians have always remembered their faithful who have returned to the Father. The Eastern churches set apart several days of the year on which to remember the departed. In the West, an abbot of the monastery of Cluny, Odilon, instituted a liturgical office in 998 as a way of commemorating the brothers of the community who had finished their pilgrimage on earth. At that time, the influence of the monks of Cluny was such that this liturgical custom soon became common practice throughout the Latin church. This feast, like many others, was local before it was placed in the Roman calendar.

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* GMGM

* Glenstal Menologium:
Fr Columba Skerrett (Irish by birth), monk of Maredsous, professed in 1915, Glenstal 1931-1935, died Maredsous 1936

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* Dedication of Lateran BasilicaDedication of Lateran Basilica

Feast (white)

* Glenstal MartyrologyDedication of the Lateran Basilica. This is the first and head of all churches and for this reason the feast is celebrated throughout the world. This church, the first basilica of the west, was built by the emperor Constantine. It was blessed by Pope Sylvester who established the rites observed by the Roman Church for the consecration of churches and altars. The Basilica was consecrated on the fifth of the ides of November; when for the first time in Rome a church was publicly consecrated, and where a painting of the Saviour was visible on the wall before the eyes of the Roman people. In 1726, after the church building was restored, Pope Benedict XIII consecrated it anew and assigned the commemoration of that event to the 9th of November.

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* St Martin of ToursSt Martin of Tours

Bishop, Feast (white)

* Glenstal MartyrologySt Martin of Tours, Monk. Martin was born in 317 in present-day Hungary, and was the son of a Roman soldier. We owe what we know of his life to his biographer Sulpicius Severus, thanks to whose efforts Martin became known and loved throughout the West. Martin's father forced him to enlist in the imperial army, and at some point during his twenty five years of service to the emperor, Martin discovered Christianity and embraced the faith. Legend has it that the turning point in his life happened at the port of Amiens, when the young soldier, not yet baptized, cut his cloak in two with his sword and gave half of it to a poor man. That night, Martin had a dream in which he saw Christ dressed in the cloak he had given the beggar. He left the army and joined Hillary of Poitiers, with whose help he founded the first monastery in Gaul, at Ligugé. Martin was elected bishop of Tours but remained faithful to his monastic vocation, and founded a cenobitic community in Marmoutiers where he lived for the rest of his life. He died on November 8, 397 in Candes, near Tours, and was the first saint who was not a martyr to be commemorated by the undivided church.

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* GMGM

* Glenstal Menologium: Dom Gerard Francois, first prior of Glenstal 1927-1934, died Maredsous 1955

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* GMGM

* Glenstal Menologium: Br Brendan Browne, Chicago & Kerry, Born 1908, oblate 1946, died 1992

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